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Outcomes-based Case Study Findings


Outcomes-based Case Study

What follows is the report given concerning the outcomes study that included 13 cases where TPM was used. Dr. Garzon headed up this research using a different team of counselors than with the survey.
He and his team has written and published a full report of their findings in the new book "Pursuing Peace." This is available in the On-Line store.

Here is his initial report that was released before the book was available: "...I reported what we had learned from a major survey of Theophostic practitioners: who was using the Theophostic method, what types of conditions were being treated, and how effective the practitioners using Theophostic believed it to be in comparison to the other techniques they were using. The results were very encouraging, but there was a catch. How could we know whether the recipients of Theophostic Ministry would report the same positive findings as the practitioners unless we tested their experiences? Practitioners answering a survey can say they think the approach is great, but unless the clients themselves are tested and the findings support the practitioners’ assertions, the survey may mean little. Hence the client research that is now underway. We have completed 13 outcomes-based case studies of people who were suffering from anxiety, depression, and adjustment problems and were treated with Theophostic Ministry. In 10 of the cases, the practitioners were licensed mental health professionals; in three, they were lay counselors ministering under the supervision of mental health professionals. Our approach was to test the clients:

* prior to treatment.
* after every 10 hours of ministry.
* at the conclusion of treatment.
* three months following treatment.

The tests we administered included the following:

* Symptom Checklist 90R, a psychological test.
* Spiritual Well-Being Scale, a measure of spiritual well-being.
* Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, a rating scale completed by the therapists administering the method.
* Dysfunctional Attitude Scale, a measure that examines the number of depression-causing beliefs a person has.

At the conclusion of treatment, we also asked the clients to complete a satisfaction inventory. And in addition, since clients can sometimes think they’ve improved just because they’ve been a part of a research project, we took the extra precaution of having a licensed professional who does not use Theophostic Ministry assess their progress by interviewing each client for half an hour and examining his or her clinical record. These professionals also did not know the type of treatment (TPM) that had been received. Doing such ensured an objective evaluation of each case. The findings were very positive. Below you will see a graph of a summary scale of the Symptom Checklist 90R. The lowered scores indicate reduced psychological distress.


The Symptom Checklist 90R was also examined in regards to clinical significance, or how therapeutically meaningful the changes were for the clients. Of the 13 clients who completed treatment, nine were classified as recovered, two as improved, one as no change, and one as deteriorated. (It is not uncommon, by the way, for 5-10 percent of people in psychotherapy to exhibit negative responses, so this one case is within the normal parameters.) The overall numbers are very good and indicate obvious improvement in most of the cases. If, as it purports to do, Theophostic Ministry reduces the lie-based thinking of people, the depression-causing beliefs in the group should show decreased scores on the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale. And that’s exactly what we saw happening. The graph below indicates these results:


What about the spiritual well-being of the clients receiving Theophostic Ministry? If Christ was meeting them in a deeply meaningful way, their scores on the Spiritual Well-Being Scale in this area should have risen. Again, that is exactly what we saw happening.

Overall Spiritual Well-Being Scale Ratings

Apart from the tests, do the clients themselves say they have improved? Yes. All 13 clients indicated they had been helped through the prayer format. The 12 who had received previous non-Theophostic counseling or ministry all endorsed Theophostic as being more effective than what they had experienced before. Eleven of the 13 believed they had grown spiritually through receiving Theophostic Ministry. The opinions of the objective third party reviewers were only slightly less positive. They classified nine as showing “very much improvement” (the highest rating available), two as showing “moderate improvement”, and two as showing “mild improvement.” But overall, their findings were quite consistent with the test results and client opinions. The ultimate question, of course, is—do the results hold up over time? In this preliminary study, we gave the clients follow-up tests three months after their treatment ended. As you can see from the above graphs, the scores certainly held up during the three-month period. In summary, all these measurements indicate client improvement in most cases. Combined with the practitioner survey results reported earlier, these studies support the need for a more thorough scientific evaluation of Theophostic Ministry using true experimental designs. Such designs are needed before clear statements about efficacy can be made.


Pastor and Church Leader Ministry Outcomes Survey

In November of 2006, a simple survey was taken from 151 pastors and other church leaders who had attended the TPM Convention in Orlando who said they were actively using TPM. Many different denominations were represented in this group to include; Baptist, Assembly of God, Episcopal, Lutheran, Nazarene, Pentecostal, Catholic, Vineyard, Christian Church, Evangelical Free Church, Presbyterian, Church of England, Non-denominational and others. In comparison to the first survey mentioned where no experience was assumed by the participants, all in this group had some experience in using TPM. However, this survey did not attempt to qualify the expertise or skill level of the individual or even if he or she was doing the ministry correctly. What follows is a summary of some of the question responses.

- Of the 151 surveyed 91% had been using TPM for over one year. 47% had used TPM for more than five years. Only about 8% had been using it less than a year. This suggests that some of these people where probably seasoned users.

- 96% reported having "highly effective to effective" outcomes.

- 88% reported TPM to be more effective than any other approach they had used in helping people emotionally. Another 10% reported TPM to be at least as effective as other approaches. The remaining percentage reported "no answer" to this question.

- 20% said that every person with whom they had offered ministry reported complete resolution of all emotional pain in the specific memory in which they had applied ministry. 72% reported this occurring most of the time. 23% reported complete resolution 50% of the time. 6% reported this occurred now and then. There was a combined 92% reporting complete resolution at least 50% of the time.

- 38% reported what they believed was genuine life transformation in all of the people with whom they had ministered. 90% reported that they had witnessed what they believed was genuine life transformation in most of their ministry sessions. Only one person reported no noticeable transformation in any of his cases. One of the tests of genuine mind renewal is life transformation. "Be transformed by the renewal of your mind…" (Rom. 12:2).

- 93% reported seeing what they believed to be genuine spiritual growth as an outcome of the ministry.

- 98% of the pastors and leaders stated that they had personally benefited from having received ministry themselves.

- 95% of the pastors said that the training in TPM has positively impacted their preaching in various ways.

- 93% said that TPM has become a significant tool that they use in ministry.

- Nearly 85% said that they were able to integrate the core teaching of TPM without any problem. 13% said that they had had some theological issue. What is interesting with the responses to this question is the fact that though there was some theological issue with TPM, 100% of those surveyed said that they recommend TPM to others, 98% personally benefited from it, 96% found highly effective outcomes, 90% reported life transformation in the people who had received ministry, and 96% said that people came to complete resolution at least 50% of the time! It appears that even with the diverse theological differences represented in this cross cut sampling of ministers in the Body of Christ, there is a unity that is grounded in the centrality of Christ as is foundational in this ministry approach.

- 100% of everyone surveyed said that they recommend TPM to others.

Read Testimonies from Pastors Successfully Using Theophostic Prayer

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